Fillings and Sealants
Tooth decay and cavities are common dental issues. Receiving a tooth-colored filling to restore your tooth helps prevent the problem from developing into something worse.
Tooth Fillings and Sealants
Tooth fillings are a simple restoration procedure method that can restore material lost to cavities or other mild decay and deterioration. Fillings are perhaps the most common dental procedure besides regular cleanings and issues with fillings holding are very uncommon. At Mount Vernon Smile Design we offer composite and amalgam fillings. Which type we use depends on your needs, but we commonly use composite fillings because they are tooth-colored and have a more natural appearance when compared to amalgam fillings.
Dental sealants are thin coating that is applied to teeth to protect them from cavities. Sealants are usually used to prevent cavities in children but can be used in adults as well. This preventative treatment lowers the odds of developing cavities in the chewing surfaces of your back teeth that are harder to reach. These grooves, pits, and fissures are narrow and hard to clean with a toothbrush, they’re some of the areas most at risk for cavities. By placing sealants over those surfaces, we create a shallower, smoother surface that is easier to clean. Sealants are a quick and affordable option to prevent cavities, particularly in children who are still developing proper hygiene habits.
How do cavity fillings work?
Cavity and tooth fillings are required when decay leaves holes in teeth. Left unchecked, the decay will continue to spread and damage the tooth’s hard material and eventually the inner pulp and root system. During the filling procedure, dentists clean away decay inside the cavity with a drill. However, because this doesn’t fix the damage that is already there a filling is necessary. The intent of the filling is to replace the part of the tooth that was destroyed by tooth decay. Your dentist will mold the filling to fit the shape of the existing tooth to restore its structural integrity and protect the softer enamel exposed by decay.
What types of filling materials are available?
There are several types of materials used for teeth fillings including gold, porcelain, silver amalgam (an alloy consisting of mercury mixed with silver, tin, zinc, and copper), tooth-colored plastic, composite resin and glass ionomer. The material used depends on your dentist, the extent and location of your tooth decay and your insurance coverage.
Should I have tooth sensitivity after a filling?
When you get a filling, the area around the infected tooth is numbed. You shouldn’t feel anything for an hour or two after your appointment but once the numbing wears off it’s normal to feel pain in your teeth and gums.
It’s common to experience pain when drinking or eating anything hot or cold. It is also not unusual to feel pain or greater than usual sensitivity when you brush or floss near the infected tooth.
Minimize Tooth Sensitivity
You can reduce the sensitivity in your teeth and gums by:
- Taking an anti-inflammatory drug that contains ibuprofen
- Rinse your mouth with 1/2 to 3/4 tsp of salt mixed with warm water. This can reduce inflammation
- Temporarily avoiding hot, cold, or acidic foods and drinks.
- Brush and floss gently
- Use a desensitizing toothpaste like Sensodyne or Colgate Sensitive
How long does a dental sealant last?
Dental sealants have been used and proven to be effective since the 1970s. They are mainly placed on chewing surfaces and are effective in preventing tooth decay. Their lifespan can vary, but many last years—and it is possible to place a new sealant on a tooth if the sealant wears off. It is important to note that sealants only protect the surface of the tooth they are placed on. Using fluoride and other preventative cleaning practices will still help protect all the surfaces of the tooth from decay and cavities.
Who qualifies for dental sealants?
Sealants are designed for healthy teeth that have yet to develop cavities. In most cases, they’re placed on permanent molars shortly after they come in (around the ages of 6 and 12, respectively). However, adults can choose to get sealants too. It may be that their childhood sealants came off or they’re starting to develop cavities in other teeth for the first time.
Investing in affordable dental sealants can help you prevent more extensive (and expensive) oral health treatments in the future.
Questions About Fillings and Sealants?
If you have any questions about fillings and sealants, contact us or request an appointment using the links below, or explore the variety of other dental services we provide.